MIT – Introduction to Solid State Chemistry

This course explores the basic principles of chemistry and their application to engineering systems. It deals with the relationship between electronic structure, chemical bonding, and atomic order. It also investigates the characterization of atomic arrangements in crystalline and amorphous solids: metals, ceramics, semiconductors, and polymers (including proteins). Topics covered include organic chemistry, solution chemistry, acid-base equilibria, electrochemistry, biochemistry, chemical kinetics, diffusion, and phase diagrams. Examples are drawn from industrial practice (including the environmental impact of chemical processes), from energy generation and storage, e.g., batteries and fuel cells, and from emerging technologies, e.g., photonic and biomedical devices.

Lecture 1: Vision Statement, Administrative Details
Lecture 2: Classification Schemes for the Elements
Lecture 3: Rutherford Model of the Atom, Bohr Model of Hydrogen
Lecture 4: Atomic Spectra of Hydrogen
Lecture 5: The Shell Model and Multi-electron Atoms
Lecture 6: De Broglie, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger
Lecture 7: Octet Stability by Electron Transfer: Ionic Bonding
Lecture 8: Born-Haber Cycle
Lecture 9: Electronegativity, Partial Charge, Polar Bonds and Polar Molecules
Lecture 10: LCAO MO, Energy Level Diagrams for H2, He2, Li2
Lecture 11: The Shapes of Molecules, Electron Domain Theory
Lecture 12: Secondary Bonding, Metallic Bonding
Lecture 13: Metallic Bonding, Band Theory of Solids, Absorption Edge of Semiconductors
Lecture 14: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors, Doping, Compound Semiconductors
Lecture 15: Introduction to the Solid State
Lecture 16: Cubic Crystals, Miller Indices, Characterization of Atomic Structure
Lecture 17: The Generation of X-rays, Moseley’s Law, X-ray Spectra
Lecture 18: Bragg’s Law, X-ray Diffraction, Crystal Symmetry
Lecture 19: Crystal Defects: Point Defects, Line Defects
Lecture 20: Crystal Defects: Interfacial Defects, Voids, Amorphous Solids, Glass Formation
Lecture 21: Properties of Inorganic Glasses, Engineered Glasses
Lecture 22: Chemical Kinetics
Lecture 23: Diffusion
Lecture 24: Fick’s Second Law (FSL) and Transient-state Diffusion
Lecture 25: Solutions
Lecture 26: Acids and Bases
Lecture 27: Organic Chemistry
Lecture 28: Organic Glasses – Polymers
Lecture 29: Structure-property Relationships in Polymers, Crystalline Polymers
Lecture 30: Biochemistry
Lecture 31: Protein Structure
Lecture 32: Lipids
Lecture 33: Phase Diagrams – Basic Definitions
Lecture 34: Two-component Phase Diagrams
Lecture 35: Wrap-up